Vinegared rice is
the heart of all sushi. Despite what Americans think, sushi does not
mean "fish" in Japanese but rather signifies any vinegared
rice dish. The fish is sashimi. Wrap the two together in portions and
sell it as sushi, and the name still refers to the rice, not the fish.
is a typical Japanese food with over a thousand years of history and
tradition. Sushi actually began as a way of preserving fish. The raw,
cleaned fish was pressed between layers of rice and salt by a heavy
stone for a few weeks. Then, a lighter cover was used and a few months
later it was considered ready to eat. Not until the 18th century did
a chef decide to serve sushi in its present form and forget about the
fermentation process altogether.
sushi is a "rolled sushi" with narrow strips of seafood and
crisp vegetables or pickles layered on a bed of vinegared rice and spread
on a sheet of nori or seaweed, thus calling it "nori-maki sushi".
Nori-maki is the most well known sushi in the U.S. because just about
any ingredient can be rolled into the center without using any fresh
raw fish called sashimi.